The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classifies substances based on their carcinogenicity to humans. According to IARC, exposure to some substances or occupations may increase the risk of prostate cancer.
There is limited evidence that the following occupational exposures may increase the risk of prostate cancer:
- Cadmium and cadmium compounds
- Exposures in the rubber production industry
Who is exposed?
CAREX Canada estimates the number of Canadians exposed to carcinogens in the workplace. See the CAREX Canada carcinogen profiles for more information on exposures associated with prostate cancer and the related industries and occupations:
What is the evidence?
See the IARC monographs for more information on the scientific evidence linking these substances or exposure circumstances with increased risk of prostate cancer:
For more information on how IARC classifies carcinogens, read this fact sheet.
- Ontario Cancer Fact: Occupation related to prostate cancer risk in Canadian men
- OCRC research project: Investigating the occupational etiology of prostate cancer in Canadian workers