The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classifies substances based on their carcinogenicity to humans. According to IARC, exposure to some substances or occupations may increase the risk of kidney cancer.
The following occupational exposures increase the risk of kidney cancer:
There is limited evidence that the following occupational exposures may increase the risk of bladder cancer:
- Cadmium and cadmium compounds
Who is exposed?
CAREX Canada estimates the number of Canadians exposed to carcinogens in the workplace. See the CAREX Canada carcinogen profiles for more information on exposures associated with kidney cancer and the related industries and occupations:
What is the evidence?
See the IARC monographs for more information on the scientific evidence linking these substances or exposure circumstances with increased risk of kidney cancer:
For more information on how IARC classifies carcinogens, read this fact sheet.